Thrangu Rinpoche 堪千創古仁波切

Short Biography of
Ninth Khenchen Thrangu Rinpoche,

Karma Lodrö Lungrik Maway Senge

The Venerable Khenchen Thrangu Rinpoche was born in Kham, Tibet, in 1933. At the age of five, he was formally recognized by His Holiness the Sixteenth Karmapa and Tai Situpa as the ninth incarnation of the great Thrangu tulku. He entered Thrangu monastery, where, from the ages of seven to sixteen, he studied reading, writing, grammar, poetry, and astrology, memorized ritual texts, and completed two preliminary retreats. At sixteen, under the direction of Khenpo Lodro Rabsel, he began the study of the three vehicles of Buddhism while in retreat. At twenty-three he received full ordination from the Karmapa.
Because of the Chinese military takeover of Tibet, Thrangu Rinpoche, then twenty-seven, was forced to flee to India in 1959. He was called to Rumtek monastery in Sikkim, where the Karmapa has his seat in exile. Because of his great scholarship and unending diligence, he was given the task of preserving the teachings of the Kagyu lineage; the lineage of Marpa, Milarepa, and Gampopa, so that one thousand years of profound Buddhist teachings would not be lost.

He continued his studies in exile, and at the age of thirty-five he took the geshe examination before 1500 monks at Buxador monastic refugee camp in Bengal and was awarded the degree of Geshe Lharampa. Upon his return to Rumtek, he was awarded the highest Khenchen degree. Because many of the Buddhist texts in Tibet were destroyed, Thrangu Rinpoche helped in beginning the recovery of these texts from Tibetan monasteries outside of Tibet. He was named Abbot of Rumtek monastery and the Nalanda Institute for Higher Buddhist Studies at Rumtek. Thrangu Rinpoche, along with Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche, was one of the principal teachers at the Institute, training all the younger tulkus of the lineage, including The Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche, who was in the first class. He was also the personal tutor of the four principal Karma Kagyu tulkus: Shamar Rinpoche, Situ Rinpoche, Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche, and Gyaltsab Rinpoche. Thrangu Rinpoche established the fundamental curriculum of the Karma Kagyu lineage taught at Rumtek. In addition, he taught with Khenpo Karthar, who had been a teacher at Thrangu Rinpoche’s monastery in Tibet before 1959, and who is now head of Karma Triyana Dharmachakra in Woodstock, New York, the seat of His Holiness Karmapa in North America.

After twenty years at Rumtek, in 1976 Thrangu Rinpoche founded the small monastery of Thrangu Tashi Choling in Boudhanath, Kathmandu, Nepal. Since then, he has founded a retreat center and college at Namo Buddha, east of the Kathmandu Valley, and has established a school in Boudhanath for the general education of Tibetan lay children and young monks in Western subjects as well as in Buddhist studies. In Kathmandu, he built Tara Abbey, which offers a full dharma education for Tibetan nuns, training them to become khenpos or teachers. He has also established a free medical clinic in an impoverished area of Nepal.

Thrangu Rinpoche recently completed a large, beautiful monastery in Sarnath, India, overlooking the Deer Park where the Buddha gave his first teaching on the Four Noble Truths. This monastery is named Vajra Vidya after the Sixteenth Gyalwa Karmapa, and it is now the seat for the annual Kagyu conference led by His Holiness the Seventeenth Karmapa. In January of this year, His Holiness the Dalai Lama came to Sarnath to perform a ceremony in the Deer Park with the Karmapa, Thrangu Rinpoche, and other high lamas.

Around 1976, Thrangu Rinpoche began giving authentic Buddhist teachings in the West. He has traveled extensively throughout Europe, Asia, and the United States. In 1984 he spent several months in Tibet where he ordained over one hundred monks and nuns and visited several monasteries. In the United States, Thrangu Rinpoche has centers in Maine and California, and is currently building the Vajra Vidya Retreat Center in Crestone, Colorado. Highly qualified monks and nuns from Thrangu Rinpoche’s monastery will give retreatants instruction in various intensive practices. He often visits and gives teachings in centers in New York, Connecticut, and Seattle, Washington. In Canada, he gives teachings in Vancouver and has a center in Edmonton. He is the Abbot of Gampo Abbey, a Buddhist monastery in Nova Scotia. He conducts yearly Namo Buddha seminars in the United States, Canada, and Europe, which are also part of a meditation retreat.
創古仁波切,誕生於藏曆第十六個循環的水雞年(公元1933年11月27日)。是噶舉傳承大禪師之一,曾獲格西學位的博學者。
四歲時,第十六世大寶法王噶瑪巴和八蚌寺的大司徒仁波切找到他,認證他為第九世堪千創古仁波切。
在他七歲至十六歲這段期間,創古仁波切專注於學習讀、寫、文法、詩歌、星象、記誦與修持法會儀軌,同時完成了兩個加行修持。十六歲以後,他開始研習《二乘佛法》,對修行及閉關都十分精進。
二十三歲,他與宗巴仁波切、蘇曼嘉旺仁波切一起接受十六世大寶法王施予比丘戒。二十七歲,他到達印度,立刻被徵召到大寶法王駐錫地隆德寺。
三十五歲,他參加在印度「巴薩」舉行的格西考試,當時各派前來參加的僧侶多達一千五百名之多,創古仁波切順利通過考試,由達賴喇嘛授予格西學位。回到隆德寺後,獲大寶法王封為「三藏總持師」,為隆德寺及所有噶舉派之「堪千」,而且成為那瀾陀佛學院及隆德寺的住持。
在過去十多年間,第九世堪千創古仁波切是噶瑪噶舉四大法子的導師,同時也是藏傳佛教四大傳承:噶舉、寧瑪、薩迦、格魯的完全合格導師。
堪千創古仁波切一心致力於弘法、教育,無論出家眾、在家眾,或老或少都沐浴在他的慈悲法度中。早在五百年前第七世噶瑪巴興建創古寺時,就委派他最有根器的弟子為創古寺方丈,這弟子便是第一世創古仁波切,事實上,創古仁波切同時是「蓮花生大師」二十五位大成就弟子當中的一位「巴機聖紀」。
現時,仁波切每年巡迴世界各地弘法,同霑法益領受教法的弟子不計其數,歐美、東南亞、香港、台灣皆有道場設立。除此之外,他於尼泊爾設置四加行閉關中心、創古瑟喀閉關中心和嘉切林空行閉關修持中心,免費收容要閉關無資之出家眾,並且創古小學、中學及佛學院,供僧俗就讀,成績斐然。

西元二千年,第十七世大寶法王烏金天利多杰離開西藏「楚布寺」,前往印度。藏傳佛教四大教派長老一致推舉創古仁波切為大寶法王的總經教師,這實為創古仁波切的修持與學養已臻化境的最佳明證。

  rinpoche.com 、http://www.namobuddha.org/

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